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Case: Lower Duwamish River

Applicable Laws, Regulations, Guidance, and Policies

Executive Orders (EO)

Executive Order 11514: Protection and Enhancement of Environmental Quality. March 5, 1970

Executive Order 11738: Providing for Administration of the Clean Air Act and the Federal Water Pollution Control Act With Respect to Federal Contracts. September 10, 1973

Executive Order 11988: Floodplain Management. May 24,1977

Executive Order 11990: Protection of Wetlands. May 24,1977

Executive Order 12898: Environmental Justice. February 16, 1994

Executive Order 12962: Recreational Fisheries. June 7, 1995

Executive Order 13007: Indian Sacred Sites. May 24, 1996

Executive Order 13112: Invasive Species as amended. February 3, 1999

Executive Order 13175: Consultation and Coordination with Indian Tribal Governments. November 6, 2000

United States Code (USC)

National Environmental Protection Act of 1969 (NEPA) 42 USC §§ 4321-4347 (1969)

Endangered Species Act of 1973 (ESA) 15 USC § 1531 et. seq. (1973)

Resource Conservation and Recovery Act of 1976 (RCRA) 42 USC § 6901 et. seq. (1976)

The Federal Water Pollution Control Act as amended by the Clean Water Act of 1977 (CWA) 33 USC § 1368 (1977)

Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act 0f 1980 (CERCLA) 42 USC § 9601 et. seq. (1980)

Oil Pollution Act of 1990 (OPA) 33 USC § 1321; §§ 2701-2719 (1990)

Magnuson-Stevens Act (MSA) 16 USC § 1801 et. seq. (1996)

Fish and Wildlife Coordination Act (FWCA) 16 USC § 661 et. seq. (1934)

Migratory Bird Treaty Act of 1918 16 USC § 703 et. seq. (1918)

Rivers and Harbors Act 33 USC § 401 et. seq. (1899)

The Rehabilitation Act 29 USC § 508 (1998)

Archaeological Resources Protection Act 16 USC § 470 et. seq. (1979)

Clean Air Act (CAA) 42USC § 7401 et. seq. (1972)

Coastal Zone Management Act of 1982 (CZMA) 16 USC 1451 et. seq. (1972)

Marine Mammal Protection Act (MMPA) 16 USC § 1361 (1972)

National Historic Preservation Act (NHPA) 16 USC § 470 et. seq. (1966)

Code Of Federal Regulations (CFR)

Council On Environmental Quality (CEQ) Implementing NEPA 40 CFR 5

Natural Resource Damage Assessment (NRDA) 43 CFR 11; 15 CFR 990

National Oil and Hazardous Substances Pollution Contingency Plan (NCP) 40 CFR 300

Treaties

1855 Treaty of Point Elliott

Federal Guidelines

Information Quality Guidelines Issued Pursuant to Pub. L. No. 106-554, § 515 (2002) (originally printed in the Federal Register on Thursday, January 3, 2002 at 67 FR 369-378 and was corrected on Tuesday, February 5, 2002 at 67 FR 5365)

Agency Administrative Order

NOAA Administrative Order (NAO) Series 216-6, Environmental Review Procedures for Implementing the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) NAO 216-6 (May 20, 1999)

Washington State Executive Order

Executive Order 05-05

State Statutes

Model Toxics Control Act (MTCA) Wash. Rev. Code § 70.105D

Uniform Environmental Covenants Act (UECA) Wash. Rev. Code §§ 64.70.005-64.70.900 (2007)

State Environmental Policy Act (SEPA), Wash. Rev. Code § 43.21C

Shoreline Management Act of 1971, Wash. Rev. Code 90.58

Historic Preservation Act, Wash. Rev. Code §§ 27.34 ; 27.44 ; 27.53 .

Washington State Hydraulic Code, Wash. Rev. Code § 77.55

State Regulations

Wash. Admin. Code 173-14

Wash. Admin. Code 173-340

Wash. Admin. Code §§ 197-11-400

Wash. Admin. Code § 220-110

Judicial Actions

Consent Decrees

Boeing Settlement, 2010.

Cost Accounting

Court Disbursements

Court Reimbursements

Stewardship Account(s)

Trustee Management

Memorandum of Understanding / Memorandum of Agreement (MOU/MOA)

Natural Resource Trustee MOA for Elliott Bay, The Duwamish River, and Eagle Harbor (2005)

Supplement MOA from 2001

1991 Elliott Bay MOA

Resolutions

2017-01

Conditional approval of credit purchase and transfer of funds in the Bluefield Holdings Site 2 Restoration Bank Project.

2009-05

Authorization to Send Notification of Potential Liability Letters to Potentially Responsible Parties (PRPs) on the Lower Duwamish River and Invitation to Engage in Discussions with Trustees to Resolve Their Natural Resource Damage Liability. Elliott Bay Trustee Council, December 16, 2009.

2009-04

Officially Adopts the Pre-Assessment Screen for the Lower Duwamish River, King County, Washington, for Inclusion in the Administrative Record. Elliott Bay Trustee Council, November 18, 2009.

2009-03

Approves Reimbursement to the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service for Costs Incurred for Restoration Planning and Administration Activities for the Period of July 1, 2008 though March 31, 2009, Under the Natural Resource Restoration and Enhancement Credit Protocol with Bluefield Holdings Inc. (BH) for the Lower Duwamish River, Seattle, Washington. Elliott Bay Trustee Council, September 23, 2009.

2009-02

Authorizes the Release for Public Review, the Draft Restoration Plan (RP) and Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement (PEIS) for the Lower Duwamish River, King County, Washington. Elliott Bay Trustee Council, May 20, 2009.

2009-01

Approval and Authorization for NOAA Representation in Council's Approval of the Natural Resource and Enhancement Credit Protocol with Bluefield Holdings Inc. for the Lower Duwamish River, Seattle, Washington. Elliott Bay Trustee Council, May 20, 2009.

2010-01

Approves Reimbursement to the NOAA for Costs Incurred for Restoration Planning and Administration Activities for the Period of October 1, 2006 through September 30, 2009, Under the Natural Resource Restoration and Enhancement Credit Protocol with Bluefield Holdings Inc. (BH) for the Lower Duwamish River, Seattle, Washington. Elliott Bay Trustee Council, September 23, 2009.

2011-01

Approval and Authorization for Establishing a Performance Bond as Financial Assurance to ensure construction Completion of The Duwamish River Habitat Restoration Project, West Side West Waterway – Site 1, and Authorizes NOAA to Sign the Escrow Agreement, Elliott Bay Trustee Council, March 24, 2011.

2011-02

Approves Reimbursement to the NOAA for Costs Incurred for Restoration Planning and Administration Activities for the Period of October 1, 2009 through December 31, 2010, Under the Natural Resource Restoration and Enhancement Credit Protocol with Bluefield Holdings Inc. (BH) for the Lower Duwamish River, Seattle, Washington. Elliott Bay Trustee Council, May 18, 2011.

2011-03

Approves Reimbursement from the Boeing Company to the NOAA and to Department of Interior, U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service for Costs Incurred for restoration planning and administration activities for the period of June 1, 2009, through May 31, 2011. Under the Consent Decree No. CV-10-758 with the Boeing Company for the Lower Duwamish River, Seattle, Washington, Elliott Bay Trustee Council, December 21, 2011.

2012-01

Approves the NOAA advance funding request for costs to be incurred for restoration planning and administrative activities under the Natural Resource Restoration and Enhancement Credit Protocol with Bluefield Holdings Inc. (BH) for the Lower Duwamish River, Seattle, Washington, Elliott Bay Trustee Council, January 24, 2012.

2012-02

Approves Reimbursement to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife for Costs Incurred for Restoration Planning and Administration Activities Under the Natural Resource Restoration and Enhancement Credit Protocol with Bluefield Holdings Inc. (BH) for the Lower Duwamish River, Seattle, Washington. Elliott Bay Trustee Council, March 21, 2012.

2012-03

Approves Reimbursement from the Boeing Company to the NOAA and to the Washington Department of Ecology (ECY) for Costs Incurred for restoration planning and administration activities for the period of June 1, 2011 through June 2, 2012 (NOAA) and July 1, 2011 through June 30, 2012 (ECY), under the Consent Decree No. CV-10-758 with the Boeing Company for the Lower Duwamish River, Seattle, Washington, August 22, 2012.

2012-04

Approves Reimbursement from the Boeing Company to the Department of Interior, U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service for Costs Incurred for restoration planning and administration activities for the period of June 19, 2011, through June 30, 2012. Under the Consent Decree No. CV-10-758 with the Boeing Company for the Lower Duwamish River, Seattle, Washington, Elliott Bay Trustee Council, August 22, 2012.

2013-01

Agrees that the Duwamish River Habitat Restoration Project, West Side West Waterway – Site 1 (Site 1) is approximately 85% complete and authorizes NOAA to release the Performance Bond established to ensure construction completion for Site 1. Authorizes that an Escrow account be established to ensure funds for ongoing maintenance of the site, Elliott Bay Trustee Council, July 5, 2013.

2015-01

Authorizes NOAA to issue a request for proposals for potential restoration projects in the Lower Duwamish River, Seattle, Washington that would be funded using existing settlement funds, Elliott Bay Trustee Council, January 21, 2015.

2016-01

Approves the 2016 Cost/DSAY analysis and agrees that the Cost/DSAY value used for new cash-out settlements will be $140,000/DSAY until updated in the future.

2016-02

Approves invoice #880 and #882 received by the Elliott Bay Trustee Council from Bluefield Holdings Inc., for ongoing maintenance work performed at Site 1 in 2014 and 2015. Authorizes NOAA to transfer funds from the Escrow account established by TCR 2013-01 to Bluefield Holdings, Inc. for payment of the approved invoices, Elliott Bay Trustee Council, October 31, 2016.

Trustee Council Records

Miscellaneous Records

Correspondence (subject specific)

Notice of Intent to Conduct Restoration Planning

List of potentially responsible parties invited for early NRD settlement

Notice of Intent Mailing List - 2016
(Potentially responsible parties invited to participate in the injury assessment)

NOI letter template

Responses from potentially responsible parties

NOAA's replies to NOI recipients

Restoration

Habitat Restoration in an Urban Waterway: Lessons Learned from the Lower Duwamish River: November 19, 2015 Workshop Report

Preliminary Assessment

Final Pre-Assessment Screen for the Lower Duwamish River. Elliot Bay Trustee Council, December 2, 2009.

Programmatic Restoration Plan

Final - Lower Duwamish River NRDA Restoration Plan and Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement (2013)

Supplement to the Draft Programmatic Restoration Plan & Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement (RP/PEIS) (July 27, 2012)

DRAFT - Restoration Plan and Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement (RP / PEIS) (May 22, 2009)

Project #1

Environmental Assessment (EA)

Conceptual Design

Budget

Project #2

Environmental Assessment (EA)

Conceptual Design

Budget

Final Elliott Bay Concept Document

Elliott Bay/Duwamish Restoration Program. Concept Document. Addendum No.2. Panel Publication 16, NOAA Restoration Center Northwest, Seattle, Washington, 1997.

Elliott Bay/Duwamish Restoration Program. Concept Document. Addendum No.1. Panel Publication 14, King County Water Pollution Control Division, Seattle, Washington, 1996.

Elliott Bay/Duwamish Restoration Program. Concept Document. Panel Publication 7, King County Department of Metropolitan Services, Seattle, Washington, 1994.

Restoration Implementation

Bluefield Holdings Inc. (Restoration work for the City of Seattle)

Natural Resource Restoration Enhancement Protocol. Lower Duwamish River Trustee Council and Bluefield Holdings Incorporated. May 24, 2009.

Bluefield Site #1

Bluefield Site #2

Cost Accounting

Cost Reimbursement

Annual Reports / Status Reports

Boeing

  1. Final Habitat Design Report - Habitat Project, Boeing Plant 2,Seattle/Tukwila, WA October 2012
    1. Appendix A Habitat Construction Drawings and Specifications
    2. Appendix B Environmental Conditions Report
    3. Appendix C Geotechnical Engineering Report
    4. Appendix D Geomorphic Assessment
    5. Appendix E Habitat Parameter Identification Review
    6. Appendix F Maintenance and Monitoring Plan
    7. Appendix G Shoreline Areas Construction Drawings and Specifications
  2. Habitat Project Construction Completion Report - Duwamish Sediment Other Area and Southwest Bank, Corrective measure and Habitat Project Boeing Plant 2,Seattle/Tukwila, WA May 2014
  3. Shoreline Completion Report - Duwamish Sediment Other Area and Southwest Bank Corrective Measure and Habitat Project Habitat, Project Boeing Plant 2,Seattle/Tukwila, WA May 2014
  4. Year 1 Habitat Monitoring Report, Lower Duwamish Waterway NRDA
  5. Year 2 Habitat Monitoring Report Habitat Project Habitat, Project Boeing Plant 2,Seattle/Tukwila, WA Feb. 22, 2017

References

Scientific Studies and Reports

Expert Reports

Commencement Bay Natural Resource Trustees. Commencement Bay Natural Resource Damage Assessment Restoration Plan and Final Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement, by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration and U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Seattle, 1997. http://www.darp.noaa.gov/northwest/cbay/pdf/restplan.pdf.

Duwamish River Cleanup Coalition. Duwamish Valley Vision Map and Report, 2009. http://www.duwamishcleanup.org/uploads/Duwamish%20Valley%20Vision%20Report%202009.pdf.

King County Water Quality Monitoring, Green River Watershed. http://green.kingcounty.gov/WLR/Waterres/StreamsData/WaterShedInfo.aspx?Locator=0311.

Port of Seattle. Lower Duwamish River Habitat Restoration Plan: An Inventory of Port of Seattle Properties, by AHBL, Seaport Planning Group. January 13, 2009.

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Green/Duwamish River Basin General Investigation Ecosystem Restoration Study, Reconnaissance Phase. Washington. In SEATTLE'S URBAN BLUEPRINT FOR HABITAT PROTECTION AND RESTORATION. (King County Surface Water Management, 2003).

U.S. Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Lower Duwamish Waterway Sediment Characterization Study Report. 1998.

U.S. Department of Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service. Elliott Bay/Duwamish Restoration Program: Intertidal Habitat Projects Monitoring Report, 2005. Lacey, Washington, 2006.

U.S. Department of Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service. Green/Duwamish River Basin Restoration Program, Fish and Wildlife Coordination Act Report. Fish and Wildlife Coordination Service, Western Washington Office: Lacey, Washington, 2000.

Scientific Studies

Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR). 2000. Toxicological profile for polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs): chemical and physical information [online]. Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry, Atlanta, GA. Updated 5/25/01. Available from: http://www.atsdr.cdc.gov/toxprofiles/tp17.pdf.

Blomberg, G., C. Simenstad, and P. Hickey. Changes in Duwamish River Estuary Habitat Over the Past 15 years. In PROCEEDINGS OF THE FIRST ANNUAL MEETING ON PUGET SOUND RESEARCH. Volume II: 437-454. Puget Sound Water Quality Authority, Seattle, Washington, 1988.

Brown and Caldwell. Metropolitan Seattle sewerage and drainage survey: A report for the City of Seattle, King County and the State of Washington on the collection, treatment and disposal of sewage and the collection and disposal of storm water in the metropolitan Seattle area. Brown and Caldwell Consulting Engineers, Seattle, WA. 1958
Chatters, James C. Tualdad Altu ((45KI59): A 4th Century Village on the Black River King County Washington. First city Equities, Seattle Washington. 1988

City of Seattle. Elliott Bay/Duwamish source control project: Final report. City of Seattle Public Utilities, Seattle, WA. 1998

Cordell, J.R., L.M. Tear, K. Jensen and H.A. Higgens. Duwamish River Coastal America Restoration and Reference Sites: Results from 1997 Monitoring Studies, FRI-UW-9903. University of Washington, Seattle, 1999.

Dexter RN, Goldstein LS, Chapman PM, Quinlan EA. Temporal trends in selected environmental parameters monitored in Puget Sound. NOAA technical memorandum NOS OMA 19. National Ocean Service, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Rockville, MD. 1985.

Dragovich, Joe D., Patrick T. Pringle, and Timothy J. Walsh. Extent and Geometry of the Mid-Holocene Osceola Mudflow in the Puget Lowlands - Implications for Sedimentation and Paleogeography. Washington Geology 22(3):3-26. 1994

Duwamish Waterway Sediment Characterization Study Report (Industrial Economics) December 10,1998

Ecology. Lower Duwamish Waterway source control action plan for the Terminal 117 early action cleanup. Washington Department of Ecology, Northwest Regional Office, Bellevue, WA. 2005a.

Ecology. Lower Duwamish Waterway source control action plan for the Slip 4 early action area. No. 06-09-046. Washington Department of Ecology,Northwest Regional Office, Toxics Cleanup Program, Bellevue, WA. 2006a

Elliott Bay/Duwamish Restoration Program. Intertidal Habitat Projects Monitoring Program. Panel Publication 23, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Western Washington Fish and Wildlife Office, Lacey, Washington, 2000.

Foster RF. Sources of pollution in the Duwamish-Green River drainage area. 1945.
Fuerstenberg, R. R., K. Nelson, and R. Blomquist. Ecological Conditions and Limitations to Salmonid Diversity in the Green River, Washington, USA. In SEATTLE'S URBAN BLUEPRINT FOR HABITAT PROTECTION AND RESTORATION. (King County Surface Water Management, 2003).

Green/Duwamish and Central Puget Sound Watershed Resource Inventory Area (WRIA 9) Steering Committee. Salmon Habitat Plan: Making our Watershed Fit for a King. Seattle, 2005

Green/Duwamish and Central Puget Sound Water Resource Inventory Area (WRIA 9). Fish Assemblages and Patterns of Chinook Salmon Abundance, Diet, and Growth at Restored Sites in the Duwamish River, by J. Cordell, J. Toft, M. Cooksey and A. Gray. 2006. Seattle, 2006.

Green/Duwamish and Central Puget Sound Water Resource Inventory Area (WRIA 9). 2005 Juvenile Chinook Duwamish River Studies, by G. Ruggerone, T. S. Nelson, J. Hall, and E. Jeanes. Seattle, 2006.

Grubb, T. G. "A Survey and Analysis of Bald Eagle Nesting in Western Washington." Master's thesis, University of Washington, 1976.

King County, Washington. Ancients of the Green, Salmon, Steelhead and Habitat. Seattle, 2003. http://www.govlink.org/watersheds

King County, Washington. Programmatic Biological Effects Analysis- King County River Management Program, by A. Johnson, K. Macdonald and P. Trotter. Seattle, 2003.

King County, Washington. Climate Impacts on Washington's Hydropower, Water Supply, Forests, Fish, and Agriculture, by J.H. Casola, J. E. Kay, A. K. Snover, R. A. Norheim, and L. C. Whitely Binder. Seattle, 2005.

Kruckeberg, A.R. The Natural History of Puget Sound Country. Seattle, University of Washington Press, 1991.

Lower Duwamish Waterway Group (LDWG) . Lower Duwamish Waterway Sediment Transport analysis Report: Final. Submitted to US Environmental Protection Agency & Washington State Department of Ecology, 2008.

Port of Seattle. Terminal 107 Environmental Studies: Wildlife Study, by D.J. Canning, S.G.Herman and G.B. Shea. Seattle, 1979.

Puget Sound Clean Air Agency. Air Quality Data Summary. 2007

Sato M. The price of taming a river: the decline of Puget Sound's Green/Duwamish Waterway. The Mountaineers, Seattle, WA. 1997

Shared Strategy for Puget Sound. Puget Sound Salmon Recovery Plan -Coastal/Puget Sound Bull Trout. Seattle, 2007. http://www.nwr.noaa.gov/Salmon-Recovery-Planning/Recovery-Domains/Puget-Sound/upload/Ch2_Bulltrout_Refs.pdf
Stalmaster, M. V. The Bald Eagle. New York: Universe Books, 1987.

Stoner, J.D. 1972. Lower Duwamish Waterway Sediment Transport Analysis Report: Final. Submitted to US Environmental Protection Agency and Washington State Department of Ecology, 2008.
University of Washington, Joint Institute for the Study of the Atmosphere and Oceans. Uncertain future: Climate change and its effects on Puget Sound. A report for the Puget Sound Action Team by the Climate Impacts Group, by A. K. Snover, P. W. Mote, L. Whitely Binder, A. F. Hamlet, and N. J. Mantua.. Seattle, 2005.

University of Washington and Washington Department of Ecology. Sea Level Rise in the Coastal Waters of Washington State, by Philip Mote, A. Peterson, S. Reeder, H. Shipman, and L. W. Binder. 2008, http://cses.washington.edu/db/pdf/moteetalslr579.pdf

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Seattle District. Salmonid Presence and Habitat Use in the Lower Duwamish River, Winter 2004/2005. Seattle, 2005.

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Green/Duwamish River Basin General Investigation Ecosystem Restoration Study, Reconnaissance Phase. Washington. In SEATTLE'S URBAN BLUEPRINT FOR HABITAT PROTECTION AND RESTORATION. (King County Surface Water Management, 2003).

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Seattle District. Green/Duwamish River Basin Ecosystem Restoration Study, King County, Washington, Final Feasibility Report, Seattle, 2000.

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. Ecology of Bald Eagles on the Lower Columbia River - Final Report, by M.G. Garrett, R. G. Anthony, J. W. Watson, and K. McGarigal, Portland, Oregon,1988.

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers. The Status of Anadromous Fishes in the Green/Duwamish System, by G.B. Grette and E.O. Salo. Seattle, 1986.

U.S. Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Endangered and Threatened Species: Final Listing Determination for Puget Sound Steelhead. Federal Register 7, No. 91. (May 11, 2007).

U.S. Department of Commerce. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Biology of Puget Sound Marine Mammals and Marine Birds: Population Health and Evidence of Pollution Effects, by J.S. Calambokidis, J. Speich, G. H. Peard, J. C. Steiger, D. M. Frye, and L. J. Lowenstine. NOAA Technical Memorandum. Rockville, Maryland, 1985.

U.S. Department of Interior. Fish and Wildlife Service. Preliminary Report for the Injury Assessment Study on Nesting Osprey from the Lower Duwamish River Seattle, Washington, by C.J. Henny, J.L. Kaiser, B.L. Johnson, E.P. Schulz, and J.W. Davis. 2007.
U.S. Department of Interior. Fish and Wildlife Service. Elliott Bay/Duwamish Restoration Program: Intertidal Habitat Projects Monitoring Report, 2005. Lacey, Washington, 2006.

U.S. Department of Interior. Fish and Wildlife Service. Preliminary Exposure Assessment of Dioxin - like Chlorobiphenyls in Great Blue Herons of the Lower Duwamish River in Seattle, Washington, by J. D. Krausmann. Lacey, Washington, 2002

U.S. Department of Interior. Fish and Wildlife Service. Catalog of Washington Seabird Colonies, by S. Speich and T. Wahl. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service Biological Report 88(6), 1989.

U.S. Department of Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service. Regional Resource Plan. Region 1. Portland, Oregon, 1982.

U.S. Department of Interior, Bureau of Indian Affairs. Pristine Production of Anadromous Salmonids. Green River Final Report, by D.W. Chapman. Washington DC, 1981

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Draft. Feasibility Study (April 24, 2009)

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Remedial Investigation / Feasibility Study Work Plan for Lockheed West Seattle Superfund Site. Final. Region 10. Seattle, 2008. http://yosemite.epa.gov/R10/CLEANUP.NSF/sites/LockheedWest/$FILE/Lockheed-RIFS-Report.pdf

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Draft. Phase II Remedial Investigation Report Executive Summary (November 5, 2007)
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Draft. Phase II Remedial Investigation Report Main Text (November 5, 2007)

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Lower Duwamish Waterway Remedial Investigation Report, Appendix H. Region 10. Seattle, 2007.

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Final. Feasibility Study Work Plan (May 4, 2007)

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Final. Phase I Remedial Investigation Report (July 3, 2003)

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Sediment Quality Values Refinement: Volume 1-1988 Update and Evaluation of Puget Sound AET. Publication #06-09-094. September, 1988.
Available online at: http://www.ecy.wa.gov/biblio/0609094.html .

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Methods for acute toxicity tests with fish, macroinvertebrates, and amphibians. EPA-660/3-75-009. As cited in LeBlanc 1980. US Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, DC. 1975.

Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW). December, 2008.
http://wdfw.wa.gov/recovery.htm
Washington State Department of Ecology and Department of Community, Trade, and Economic Development. Impacts of Climate Change on Washington's Economy A Preliminary Assessment of Risks and Opportunities,
Publication No. 07-01-010, 2006. http://www.ecy.wa.gov/pubs/0701010.pdf

Weston.. Site inspection report, Lower Duwamish River (RK 2.5-11.5), Seattle, Washington. Vol 1-Report and appendices. Prepared for U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region 10. Roy F. Weston, Inc., Seattle, WA. 1999a

Windward Environmental LLC. Onsite. 2005a. Lower Duwamish Waterway Superfund site, Terminal 117 early action area. Terminal 117 engineering evaluation/cost analysis. Prepared for the Port of Seattle. Windward Environmental LLC, Dalton, Olmsted & Fuglevand, Inc., and Onsite Enterprises, Inc., Seattle, WA.

Windward Environmental LLC. 2005b. Lower Duwamish Waterway remedial investigation. Data report: Round 2 surface sediment sampling for chemical analyses and toxicity testing. Prepared for Lower Duwamish Waterway Group. Windward Environmental LLC, Seattle, WA.

Yates, S. Marine Mammals of Puget Sound, the San Juans and the Strait of Georgia. The Globe Pequot Press, Old Saybrook, CT., 1988.

Historical References

Butler, Virginia L. 1990. Remains from the Black River Sites (45KI59 and 45KI51-D). Archaeology in Washington 2:49-65.

Campbell, Sarah K. (editor). 1981. The Duwamish No. 1 Site: A Lower Puget Sound Shell Midden. Office of Public Archaeology, Institute for Environmental Studies, University of Washington, Seattle. Research Report No. 1.

Chatters, James C. 1981a. Archaeology of the Sbabadid Site, 45KI51, King County, Washington. Office of Public Archaeology, Institute for Environmental Studies, University of Washington. Seattle.

Chatters, James C. 1981b. Quadrant Site, Bothell. Test Excavation and Evaluation of Sigificance. James C. Chatters, Consulting Archaeologist Ellensburg, Washington. Letter from James C. Chatters to Ellen LaPorte, Shapiro and Associates Incorporated, 24 November.

King County Department of Natural Resources and Parks. Historical Aquatic Habitats in the Green and Duwamish River Valleys and the Elliott Bay Nearshore, King County, Washington, by Brian Collins and Amir Sheikh. Seattle, 2005.

Lewarch, Dennis E. 2003a Chapter 5: Late Pleistocene and Holocene Environments in Puget Sound. In Draft Historic Context Statement Hunter - Fisher - Gatherer - Resources King County Cultural Protection Project, by Dennis E. Lewarch and Lynn L. Larson, pp. 5-15.62. Larson Anthropological Archaeological Services Limited, Gig Harbor, Washington. LAAS Technical Report #2003-2. Submitted to King County Road Services Division, Seattle, and King County Historic Preservation Program, Seattle.
Lewarch, Dennis E. 2003b. Chapter 7: The Archaeological Record of King County. In Draft Historic Context Statement Hunter - Fisher - Gatherer - Resources King County Cultural Protection Project, by Dennis E. Lewarch and Lynn L. Larson, pp. 7-17.29. Larson Anthropological Archaeological Services Limited, Gig Harbor, Washington. LAAS Technical Report #2003-2. Submitted to King County Road Services Division, Seattle, and King County Historic Preservation Program, Seattle

Lewarch, Dennis E. 2003c Renton High School Indian Site (45KI501) Archaeological Data Recovery, King County, Washington. Larson Anthropological Archaeological Services Limited, Gig Harbor, Washington. LAAS Technical Report #2004-11. Submitted to Renton School District #403, Renton, Washington.

Lewarch, Dennis E., Lynn L. Larson, Leonard A. Forsman, Guy F. Moura, Eric W. Bangs, and Paula Mohr Johnson. 1996 King County Department of Natural Resources Water Pollution Control Division Alki Transfer/CSO Facilities Project Allentown Site (45KI431) and White Lake Site (45KI438 and 45KI438A). Larson Anthropological /Archaeological Services, Seattle. LAAS Technical Report #95-08. Prepared for King County Department of Natural Resources, Water Pollution Control Division, Seattle.

Nelson, C. M. 1989. The Prehistory of the Puget Sound Region. In Northwest Coast, Handbook of North American Indians, Vol. 7, edited by Wayne Suttles, pp. 481-484. William C. Sturtegvant, general editor. Smithsonian Institution, Washington DC.

Sato M. 1997. The price of taming a river: the decline of Puget Sound's Green/Duwamish Waterway. The Mountaineers, Seattle, WA.

Seattle-King County Department of Public Health. 1984. Abandoned landfill study in the city of Seattle. Seattle-King County Department of Public Health, Seattle, WA.

Sweet Edwards. 1985. Duwamish ground water study. Prepared for Municipality of Metropolitan Seattle. Sweet, Edwards and Associates, Inc. and Harper-Owes Company, Seattle, WA.

Tetra Tech, Inc. Elliott Bay Action Program: Evaluation of Potential Contaminant Sources, TC-3338-23, Puget Sound Estuary Program, Prepared for U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Region X, 1988.

URS Corporation and BOAS, Incorporated. The Duwamish No. 1 Site: 1986 Data Recovery URS Corporation, Seattle and BOAS, Incorporated, Seattle. Submitted to the Municipality of Metropolitan Seattle (METRO). Contract No. CW/F2-82, Task 48.08

Zehfuss, Paul H., Brian F. Atwater, James W. Vallance, Henry Brenniman, and Thomas A. Brown. Holocene Lahars and Their By- Products Along the Historical Path of the White River Between Mount Rainier and Seattle." In Western Cordillera and Adjacent Areas, edited by Terry W. Swanson, 209-223. Colorado: The Geological Society of America, 2003.

Related Background Materials

National Association of Realtors, www.realtor.org

U.S. Department of Interior, Bureau of Indian Affairs. Pristine Production of Anadromous Salmonids Green River, Final Report, by D.W. Chapman. Washington DC, 1981.

U.S. Department of Interior. Fish and Wildlife Service.Regional Resource Plan.Region 1. Portland, Oregon, 1982.

U.S. Department of Interior. Fish and Wildlife Service. Pacific Bald Eagle Recovery Plan. Portland, Oregon, 1986.

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Site Summary - Harbor Island, Washington, EPA Region 10, updated March, 2007. http://yosemite.epa.gov/r10/nplpad.nsf/88d393e4946e3c478825631200672c95/173f0efa24b8a828852565920077c26c?OpenDocument

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. Harbor Island Superfund Site: Second five - Year Review Report, September, 2005, Seattle. http://yosemite.epa.gov/R10/CLEANUP.NSF/sites/HI/$FILE/2nd+5+Year+Review+9-27-05.pdf U.S. Housing and Urban Development Office of Policy Development and Research, Regional Office. http://www.huduser.org/ .

Warner, E.J. and R.L. Fritz.1995. The Distribution and Growth of Green River Chinook Salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) and Chum Salmon (Oncorhynchus keta) Outmigrants in the Duwamish Estuary as a Function of Water Quality and Substrate, in SEATTLE'S URBAN BLUEPRINT FOR HABITAT PROTECTION AND RESTORATION. (King County Surface Water Management, 2003).

Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW). December 2008. http://wdfw.wa.gov/recovery.htm

Public Outreach

Public Meetings

Recording/minutes of public meeting (July 7 and 8, 2009 - CD)

Public Comments

Recording/minutes of public meeting (June 6 and 7, 2007 - CD)

Public Comments

Public Comments

RP/PEIS

Bluefield Holdings Inc.

Publications

Federal Register Notices

Notice of Intent to Prepare Programmatic Environmental Impact Study (PEIS) and Restoration Plan (RP); Request for Comments; Notice of Public Scoping Meetings; U.S. Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, 72 Fed. Reg. 29304-29305 (May 25, 2007)

Final Rule - Lower Duwamish Waterway Listing on the National Priorities List for Uncontrolled Hazardous Waste Sites, U. S. Environmental Protection Agency, 66 Fed. Reg. 47583-47591 (Sept. 13, 2001)

Public Scoping Documents

Scoping Report for the Lower Duwamish River Draft Restoration Plan and Programmatic EIS Development (Oct., 2007)

Press Releases

Notice of Public Meeting for the Lower Duwamish River NRDA Programmatic Restoration Plan and Programmatic Environmental Impact Statement (RP/PEIS). Lower Duwamish River Natural Resource Trustees. The Seattle Times, Seattle, WA (June 17, 2009)

NOAA and Partners Seek Comment on Plan to Restore Lower Duwamish River. (May 29, 2009)

Elliott Bay and Lower Duwamish River Natural Resources Damage Settlement; NOAA-SEA-06-9, U.S. Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Western Regional Center, Seattle, WA 98115 (Sept. 3, 1991)


 
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